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Icebergs in the North Atlantic: Modelling circulation changes and glacio-marine deposition

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Schäfer-Neth, C. and Stattegger, K. (1999): Icebergs in the North Atlantic: Modelling circulation changes and glacio-marine deposition , In: Harff J., Lemke W., Stattegger K.(eds) Computerized Modeling of Sedimentary Systems, Springer, Berlin .
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Abstract:

In order to investigate meltwater events in the North Atlantic, a simple iceberg generation, drift, and melting routine was implemented in a high-resolution OGCM. Starting from the modelled last glacial state, every 25th day cylindrical model icebergs 300 meters high were released at 32 specific points along the coasts. Icebergs launched at the Barents Shelf margin spread a light meltwater lid over the Norwegian and Greenland Seas, shutting down the deep convection and the anti-clockwise circulation in this area. Due to the constraining ocean circulation, the icebergs produce a tongue of relatively cold and fresh water extending eastward from Hudson Strait that must develop at this location, regardless of iceberg origin. From the total amount of freshwater inferred by the icebergs, the thickness of the deposited IRD could be calculated in dependance of iceberg sediment concentration. In this way, typical extent and thickness of Heinrich layers could be reproduced, running the model for 250 years of steady state with constant iceberg meltwater inflow.

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12176
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