The Ob and Yenisei Rivers account for more than one-third of the total fresh water supply to the Arctic Ocean. In the past, their sediment load and particulate organic carbon (POC) discharge into the Kara Sea has been measured at stations in the hinterland far south of the estuaries. Suspended matter has been sampled in the estuaries and southern Kara Sea within the framework of the joint RussianGerman "SIRRO" program (Siberian River Run-Off), allowing a reliable new estimate of fluxes from the rivers into the Kara Sea. Our estimates of annual supplies of sediment (3.76x10^6 t), particulate organic carbon(0.27x10^6 t) and particulate nitrogen (PN) (0.027x10^6 t) from the Ob River to the Kara Sea are lower than earlier estimates from the northernmost gauging station in the hinterland due to deposition of particulate matter in the Ob Bay. On the other hand, our estimates of the Yeniseis annual sediment (5.03x10^6 t), particulate organic carbon (0.57x10^6 t) and particulate nitrogen (0.084x10^6 t) supplies to the Kara Sea are probably too high, as they suggest a pure bypass system in the investigated area. We differentiate between an area of recent deposition in the south of the Kara Sea and an area of recent organic matter degradation further north.
Helmholtz Research Programs > MARCOPOLI (2004-2008) > POL6-Earth climate variability since the Pliocene