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Antarctic Circumpolar Current variability a combined analysis of in-situ Bottom Pressure, Altimetry, and GRACE gravity

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Macrander, A. , Böning, C. , Boebel, O. and Schröter, J. (2009): Antarctic Circumpolar Current variability a combined analysis of in-situ Bottom Pressure, Altimetry, and GRACE gravity , Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 11, EGU2009-11172 .
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The Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) constitutes the largest ocean current of the world. In the Atlantic sectorof the ACC, an array of 9 Pressure sensor equipped Inverted Echo Sounders (PIES) is maintained by the AlfredWegener Institute since 2002 / 2006. Here, the resulting timeseries are compared with altimetry and gravity fieldsolutions of the GRACE satellite mission.Barotropic transport anomalies of the ACC are captured by the high-resolution in-situ bottom pressure observations.Additionally, the acoustic traveltime data of the PIES can be matched with full-water column T/S profiles,using the Gravest Empirical Mode (GEM) method. Hence, also baroclinic transport variability and Sea SurfaceHeight (SSH) are obtained from the PIES array.For a comprehensive view of the ACC, the in-situ data are compared with altimetry estimates of the Topex/Jasonsatellite missions.Furthermore, ocean bottom pressure, which is a measure of oceanic mass, is compared with gravity solutions ofthe GRACE satellite mission. Here, the 2-dimensional distribution of the PIES allows an improved detection oflarge-scale coherent bottom pressure patterns, which agree well with gravity anomalies found in the GRACE data.

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