The phagotrophic flagellate Oxyrrhis marina shows a strong stoichiometric plasticity when fed differently grown Rhodomonas salina. We tested whether differently pre-conditioned O. marina displayed selective feeding behaviour from a mixture of nitrogen and phosphorus depleted R. salina. We observed selective feeding of O. marina, always selecting phosphorus rich R. salina independent of the pre-conditioning of the protists. In a second experiment, O. marina was again pre-conditioned either with nitrogen- or phosphorus-depleted R. salina and was refed with either of the differently limited R. salina in single food treatments (not in a mixture). The phagotrophic flagellate displayed compensatory feeding which means that O. marina feed more on the food source which they were not given before. Due to its stoichiometric plasticity, O. marina might handle bad quality food by following the stoichiometry of its prey and additionally by active selective feeding towards P-rich algae to enhance growth. Post-ingestion selection might as well be an important feature which means that ingested elements in excess are quickly excreted and scarce elements are ingested through accelerated food uptake.