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CryoSat cal/val activities on Austfonna – Part II: Ground-based measurements using a Ku-band radar, for validation of the CryoSat-2 SIRAL data

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Langley, K. , Patel, A. , Hawley, R. , Dunse, T. , Hagen, J. , Kohler, J. , Skourup, H. , Gogineni, S. , Forsström, S. , Eiken, T. , Leuschen, C. and Helm, V. (2012): CryoSat cal/val activities on Austfonna – Part II: Ground-based measurements using a Ku-band radar, for validation of the CryoSat-2 SIRAL data , Earth Observation and Cryosphere Science Conference, 13 November 2012 - 16 November 2012 .
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Abstract:

We show first results of a combined ground based and airborne validation campaign for CryoSat-2 synthetic aperture interferometric radar altimeter (SIRAL) measurements over Austfonna, Svalbard. A decade time series of glacier facies for this ice cap interpreted from 800 MHz ground-penetrating radar data clearly show there to be considerable variation within the firn pack, which needs to be captured by CryoSat-2 if we are to correctly interpret the satellite observed surface changes. The ground based radar data were obtained with a CRESIS Ku-band FMCW radar. The radar was operated to cover the frequency band of the CryoSat-2 SIRAL and the airborne version, Airborne Synthetic Aperture and Interferometric Radar Altimeter System (ASIRAS) carried by the Danish geophysics plane. Simultaneous profiles were obtained within half a day of each other with all three radars during the spring calibration/validation campaign on the Austfonna ice cap, Svalbard. The profiles, totaling approximately 200 km, span an elevation change of 400 m from the summit down to the ablation area, and cover a range of glacier facies and surface snow conditions. The ground based KU-band radar, which clearly images the near surface layering, was supported by manual snow depth sounding, 800 MHz radar, snow pits, firn cores, and borehole videos, all of which are used to validate interpretation of the CryoSat-2 data.

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