Sequencing of 18S rDNA clone libraries and 454-pyrosequencing are valuable methods used to describe microbial diversity. The massively parallel 454-pyrosequencing generates vast amounts of ribosomal sequence data and has the potential to uncover more organisms, even rare species. However, the relatively short sequence lengths of ~500 bp are suboptimal for taxonomic annotation and phylogenetic analyses. In this study, we assessed the potential of 18S ribosomal clone libraries to complement corresponding 454-pyrosequencing data with near full-length sequence information. This involved a comparison of protist community compositions in five polar samples suggested by 18S rDNA clone libraries with the corresponding community compositions suggested by 454-pyrosequencing. The study was conducted with four Arctic water samples, focusing on the eukaryotic picoplankton (0.4-3 µm), and with one sample collected in the Southern Ocean, examining the whole size spectrum (>0.4 µm). For all individual samples, the protist community compositions suggested by the two different approaches showed significant similarities. Around 70% of the sequences detected by sequencing of clone libraries were also present in the 454-pyrosequencing data set. However, the clone library sequences reflected only ~20% of the abundant biosphere identified by 454-pyrosequencing and identified ribosomal sequences, that were not detected in the 454-pyrosequencing data sets.
AWI Organizations > Biosciences > Junior Research Group: Planktosens
Helmholtz Research Programs > PACES II (2014-2018) > TOPIC 1: Changes and regional feedbacks in Arctic and Antarctic > WP 1.5: Southern Ocean physics, biodiversity, and biogeochemical fluxes in a changing climate