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Physiological and biochemical changes during the larval development of a brachyuran crab reared under constant conditions in the laboratory

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Anger, K. , Harms, J. , Püschel, C. and Seeger, B. (1989): Physiological and biochemical changes during the larval development of a brachyuran crab reared under constant conditions in the laboratory , Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 43 , pp. 225-244 .
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Abstract:

Larvae of the spider crab Hyas araneus were reared in the laboratory at constant conditions (12 degree C; 32 ppt S), and their feeding rate (F), oxygen consumption (R), nitrogen excretion (U), and growth were measured in regular intervals of time during development from hatching to metamorphosis. Growth was measured as dry weight (W), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), hydrogen (H) protein, and lipid. All these physiological and biochemical traits revealed significant changes both from instar to instar and during individual larval moult cycles. Average F was low in the zoea I, reached a maximum in the zoea II, and decreased again in the megalopa. In the zoeal instars, it showed a bell-shaped pattern, with a maximum in the middle (zoea I) or during the first half of the moult cycle (zoea II). Maximum F in the megalopa was observed still earlier, during postmoult. Respiration (R) increased in the zoeal instars as a linear function of time, whereas it showed a sinusoidal pattern in the megalopa.

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