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Strategy for a fire module in dynamic global vegetation models

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Fosberg, M. A. , Cramer, W. , Brovkin, V. , Fleming, R. , Gardner, R. , Gill, A. M. , Goldammer, J. G. , Keane, R. , Köhler, P. , Lenihan, J. , Neilson, R. , Sitch, S. , Thornicke, K. , Venevski, S. , Weber, M. G. and Wittenberg, U. (1999): Strategy for a fire module in dynamic global vegetation models , International Journal of Wildland Fire, 9 (1), pp. 79-84 . doi: 10.1071/WF99007
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Abstract:

Disturbance plays a major role in shaping and maintaining many of the Earth'sterrestrial ecosystems. In fact, many ecosystems depend on fire for theirvery existence. Global Change is expected to result in changed distributionof current ecosystems, changed composition of those ecosystems, and increation of new ecosystems. The International Geosphere Biosphere Program(IGBP), through the Core Projects Biospheric Aspects of the HydrologicalCycle, International Global Atmospheric Chemistry, Global Change andTerrestrial Ecosystems and International Global Atmospheric Chemistry,Biomass Burning Working Group, recognized that disturbances need to beincluded in the modeling efforts of each project. Disturbance from fire, landuse and other factors may be as important as climate change in shaping futurelandscapes (Weber and Flannigan 1998). Three main themes were recognized:impact of disturbance on carbon pools, vegetation change, and feedbacks to theatmosphere. In June 1998, a workshop was held in Potsdam, Germany to developa strategy to introduce disturbance into dynamic global vegetation models.This strategy was based on the fact that vegetation burning influencesatmospheric chemistry, that feedbacks of energy, water and trace gases tothe atmosphere are influenced by vegetation, and that changes in thecomposition of ecosystems have direct impact on the carbon pool, onbiodiversity, and on health and productivity of the land. Disturbanceincludes fire, insect, disease, drought and flooding, land conversion,land use, air pollution, and introduction of exotic species. While it willbe necessary to ultimately include all disturbances, the Potsdam workshoplimited itself to fire. This strategy is based on the fact that there areno process driven models for all disturbances, and that fire has a numberof reliable models with which to begin the process of introducing disturbanceinto dynamic global vegetation models. While this workshop limited itself tofire, a great deal of consideration was given to the fact that the modelshell must be able to include other disturbances in the future. As a result,the strategy was to focus on a hazard function which would lead to effectsof disturbance. The hazard function is basically a probability statement ofrisk of effects. This approach seems equally valid for all forms ofdisturbance.

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