Sea-Ice Mass Balance Influenced by Ice Shelves


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Mario.Hoppmann [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Sea ice fastened to coasts, icebergs and ice shelves is of crucial importance for climateand ecosystems. At the same time, it is not represented in climate models and many processes affecting its energy- and mass balance are currently only poorly understood. Near Antarctic ice shelves, which fringe about 44 % of the coastline, this landfast sea ice exhibits two unique characteristics that distinguish it from most other sea ice: 1. Ice platelets form and grow in supercooled water masses, which originate from cavities below the ice shelves. These crystals rise to the surface, where they accumulate beneath the solid sea-ice cover. Through freezing of interstitial water they are incorporated into the sea-ice fabric as platelet ice. 2. A thick and partly multi-year snow cover accumulates on the fast ice, altering the response of the surface to remote sensing and affecting sea-ice energy- and mass balance. In order to improve our understanding of these processes, we perform a continuous measurement program on the landfast sea ice of Atka Bay, Antarctica, contributing to the international Antarctic Fast Ice Network (AFIN). In addition, we will intensify our measurements during two field campaigns. Here we present our major research questions, introduce our methods and present first results.



Item Type
Conference (Poster)
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Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
Koordinationsworkshop DFG-Schwerpunktprogramm 1158, 26 Sep 2012 - 28 Sep 2012, Jena.
Eprint ID
31346
Cite as
Hoppmann, M. , Nicolaus, M. , Heinemann, G. , Willmes, S. , Paul, S. and Timmermann, R. (2012): Sea-Ice Mass Balance Influenced by Ice Shelves , Koordinationsworkshop DFG-Schwerpunktprogramm 1158, Jena, 26 September 2012 - 28 September 2012 .


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