Mitochondrial Dynamics underlying thermal Plasticity of Cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) Hearts


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Michael.Oellermann [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

In the eurythermal cuttlefish Sepia officinalis, performance depends on hearts that ensure systemic oxygen supply over a broad range of temperatures. We therefore aimed to identify adjustments in energetic cardiac capacity and underlying mitochondrial function supportin g therma l acclimati on th at cou ld be criti cal for the cuttlef ish’s comp etitive success in variable environments. Two genetically distinct cuttlefish populations were acclimated to 11°C, 16°C and 21°C, respectively. Subsequently, skinned and permeabilised heart fibres were used to assess mitochondrial functioning by means of high-resolution respirometry and a substrate-inhibitor protocol, followed by measurements of cardiac citrate synthase and cytosolic enzyme activities. In cuttlefish hearts, thermal sensitivity of mitochondrial substrate oxidation was high for proline and pyruvate but low for succinate. Oxygen efficiency of catabolism rose from 11°C to 21°C via shifts to oxygen-conserving oxidation of proline and pyruvate as well as via reduced relative proton leak. Acclimation to 21°C decreased mitochondrial complex I activity in Adriatic cuttlefish and increased complex IV activity in English Channel cuttlefish. However, compensation of mitochondrial capacities did not occur during cold acclimation to 11°C. Moreover, temperate English Channel cuttlefish had larger hearts with lower mitochondrial capacities than subtropical Adriatic cuttlefish. The changes observed for substrate oxidation, mitochondrial complexes, relative proton leak or heart weights improve energetic efficiency and essentially seem to extend tolerance to high temperatures and reduce associated tissue hypoxia. We conclude that cuttlefish sustain cardiac performance and thus, systemic oxygen delivery over short and long-term changes of temperature and environmental conditions by multiple adjustments in cellular and mitochondrial energetics.



Item Type
Conference (Poster)
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Not peer-reviewed
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Published
Event Details
AMSA-NZMSS Conference, 01 Jul 2012 - 05 Jul 2012, Hobart, Australia.
Eprint ID
31629
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Oellermann, M. , Pörtner, H. O. and Mark, F. C. (2012): Mitochondrial Dynamics underlying thermal Plasticity of Cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) Hearts , AMSA-NZMSS Conference, Hobart, Australia, 1 July 2012 - 5 July 2012 .


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