Analysis of trends and sudden changes in environmental long-term data from King George Island (Antarctica): Relationships between global climatic oscillations and local system response


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Valeria.Bers [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

A long-term environmental data set from King George Island, Western Antarctic Peninsula, was analysed using statistical approaches that can deal with missing values. Since the WAP region belongs to the most rapidly warming regions on earth it is vital to find methods that take into account the incompleteness of Antarctic time series, but are still applicable to analyze general patterns in the series to arrive to conclusions on long term trends and inter-annual variability in the face of the rapidly changing climate in Western Antarctica. We applied U statistics after Pettit and Buishand to detect sudden changes over time, a dynamic factor analysis as well as additive modelling to detect common trends and patterns related to climatic cycles such as the Southern Annular Mode and El Niño Southern Oscillation. Our results not only reveal sudden changes for sea surface temperature and salinity, but also clear patterns in all investigated variables (sea surface temperature, salinity, suspended particulate matter and Chlorophyll a) that can be directly be assigned to climatic cycles. Hence, our statistical analyses may prove valuable for other polar environmental data sets and contribute to a better understanding of the regional variability of climate change and its impact on coastal systems.



Item Type
Conference (Talk)
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Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
XXXII SCAR and Open Science Conference, 13 Jul 2012 - 25 Jul 2012.
Eprint ID
31736
Cite as
Bers, A. V. , Momo, F. , Schloss, I. R. , Abele, D. and Braun, M. (2012): Analysis of trends and sudden changes in environmental long-term data from King George Island (Antarctica): Relationships between global climatic oscillations and local system response , XXXII SCAR and Open Science Conference, 13 July 2012 - 25 July 2012 .


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