The Significance of the long lived (>400 Years) bivalve Arctica islandica as a high-resolution bioarchive


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Thomas.Brey [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Information about past environmental conditions is preserved in the elemental signature of biogenic marine carbonates. Thus, trace element to calcium ratios (Me/Ca) of biogenic calcium carbonates, such as bivalve shells, are often used to reconstruct past environmental conditions at the time of carbonate formation (Foster et al., 2008). In this study, we examine the suitability of the long-lived (> 400 years) bivalve Arctica islandica as a high-resolution bioarchive by measuring Me/Ca ratios in the shell carbonate. Pb/Ca concentrations in A. islandica shells reflect anthropogenic gasoline lead consumption and further provide a centennial record of lead pollution for the collection site off the coast of Virginia, USA. With A. islandica shells from the North Sea we test the hypothesis that Ba/Ca and Mn/Ca ratios are indicators of the diatom abundance. Our results indicate that statistically both ratios correlate well with the diatom abundance, and yet, on a year-to-year base, there is no consistent reflection of diatom abundance patterns in the Ba/Ca and Mn/Ca annual profiles. These findings indicate that primary production affects Ba/Ca and Mn/Ca shell ratios, though we suggest that both elements are coupled to primary production through different processes and are affected by further, yet unknown processes.



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Published
Eprint ID
31746
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-32235-8

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Krause-Nehring, J. , Brey, T. , Thorrold, S. R. , Klügel, A. , Nehrke, G. and Brellochs, B. (2013): The Significance of the long lived (>400 Years) bivalve Arctica islandica as a high-resolution bioarchive / G. Lohmann ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2089-733X , K. Grosfeld ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-179X , D. Wolf-Gladrow ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9531-8668 , V. Unnithan , J. Notholt and A. Wegner (editors) , In: Earth system science: bridging the gap between disciplines, Earth system science: bridging the gap between disciplines, Heidelberg, Springer, 7 p., ISBN: 978-3-642-32234-1 . doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-32235-8


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