Daily Metabolic Carbon Balance in Spring and Summer and Vertical Distribution of Two Macroalgal Key Species In Potter Cove, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica


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Katharina.Zacher [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The aim of this study is to understand the macroalgal vertical zonation at Potter Cove (Isla 25 de Mayo/ King George Island) in three selected newly ice-free areas with different degree of glacial influence (low: area 1, intermediate: area 2, and high: area 3), and thus a different degree of sedimentation, from a physiological point of view. In summer 2010 and spring 2011, two macroalgal key species (Himantothallus grandifolius and Palmaria decipiens) were sampled at 5, 10, 20 and 30 m depth. After collection, photosynthesis – irradiance curves were performed and photosynthetic parameters were calculated. Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) was logged continuously over 7 days during spring 2011 and summer 2012 at 0, 5, 10, 20 and 30 meters depth in each area. Subsequently, the daily metabolic carbon balance (DMCB) was determined using the obtained photosynthetic parameters and the underwater PAR data. In areas with high glacial influence the maximal vertical distribution limit of all species was 10 m depth, while in areas with intermediate and low glacial impact, it was 20 and 30 m depth, respectively. PAR values were higher in spring than in summer. For both species, DMCB values were significantly higher in spring compared to summer. In addition, both species DMCB values decreased significantly with increasing depth, and were significantly higher in areas 1 and 2 (low and intermediate glacial influence) compared to area 3 (high glacial influence). The observed vertical distribution in all the studied areas seem to be determined mainly by the spring PAR conditions, as in summer the DMCB values are too low for both species to explain their survival. Furthermore, vertical zonation of the studied species is positively correlated to the light penetration which decreases as the glacial influence (as production of sediment input) increases. A further increase of sedimentation due to global warming will undoubtedly lead to an elevation of the lower distribution limit of the studied species and will probably have a great effect on macroalgal primary productivity in Potter Cove.



Item Type
Conference (Talk)
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Divisions
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Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
II Workshop APECS, 14 May 2012 - 17 May 2012, Universidad de Rio Grande (FURG), Brasil.
Eprint ID
31926
Cite as
Deregibus, D. , Zacher, K. , Wiencke, C. and Quartino, M. L. (2012): Daily Metabolic Carbon Balance in Spring and Summer and Vertical Distribution of Two Macroalgal Key Species In Potter Cove, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica , II Workshop APECS, Universidad de Rio Grande (FURG), Brasil, 14 May 2012 - 17 May 2012 .


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