Ice, water, fire: Changes in the permafrost landscape of central Yakutia, 2000-2011


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Julia.Boike [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The focus of this research has been on detecting changes in lakes vegetation, land surface temperatures, and snow cover, using data from remote sensing. The study area covers the main (central) part of the Lena River catchment in the Yakutia Region of Siberia (Russia) where continuous permafrost coverage’s is up to 90%. The remote sensing analyses are based on MODIS (NASA) and Landsat (USGS) satellite data. Time series of remote sensing products of MODIS land surface temperature were produced for the study region between 61°N and 65°N, and between 117.5°E and 131.5°E. The MODIS Land Surface Temperature level 3 product, MOD11C3 are configured on a 0.05° latitude/longitude MODIS Climate Model Grid (CMG) raster. The LST product is a monthly composited average and represents clear-sky LST values. The monthly land surface temperature were analyzed over the eleven year interval from May 2000 to April 2011. Linear trend calculations for the 11 year temperature measurement interval were performed separately for each two month interval, in each pixel, using the least squares method. Water bodies were extracted using the Landsat Short Wave Infrared SWIR band 5. Within the study region's 315,000 sq. km, the total area covered by lakes increased by 17.5% between 2002 and 2009. The amount of lake increase differs between 42-11% depending on the region. The overall trend in land surface temperature is around 0.15°C/year, but with seasonal warming trends in April-May of up to 0.45°C/year in some areas and cooling of -0.2 to -0.3°C/year in July-August in other areas. These regional differences and potential causes of the land surface temperature changes will be discussed with respect to land cover changes.



Item Type
Conference (Poster)
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Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, 03 Dec 2012 - 07 Nov 2012, San Francisco.
Eprint ID
31965
Cite as
Boike, J. , Grau, T. , Heim, B. , Günther, F. , Langer, M. , Muster, S. , Gouttevin, I. and Duguay, C. (2012): Ice, water, fire: Changes in the permafrost landscape of central Yakutia, 2000-2011 , American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 3 December 2012 - 7 November 2012 .


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