Regional climate model simulations of North Atlantic cyclones: frequency and intensity changes


Contact
Tido.Semmler [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Frequency and intensity of cyclones over the North Atlantic are investigated using 2 data sets from simulations with the Rossby Centre regional climate model RCA3. The model domain comprises large parts of the North Atlantic and the adjacent continents. RCA3 is driven by ECHAM5- OM1 general circulation model data for May to December from 1985 to 2000 and May to December from 2085 to 2100 assuming the SRES-A2 emission scenario. We apply an objective algorithm to iden- tify and track tropical and extratropical cyclones, as well as extratropical transition. The simulation indicates increase in the count of strong hurricanes and extratropical cyclones. Contrasting, and gen- erally weaker, changes are seen for the less extreme events. Decreases of 18% in the count of extra- tropical cyclones and 13% in the count of tropical cyclones with wind speeds of ≥ 18 m s–1 can be found. Furthermore, there is a pronounced shift in the tracks of hurricanes and their extratropical transition in November and December—more hurricanes are seen over the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and the western Sargasso Sea and less over the southern North Atlantic.



Item Type
Article
Authors
Divisions
Programs
Peer revision
ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
32574
DOI 10.3354/cr00732

Cite as
Semmler, T. , Varghese, S. , McGrath, R. , Nolan, P. , Wang, S. , Lynch, P. and O'Dowd, C. (2008): Regional climate model simulations of North Atlantic cyclones: frequency and intensity changes , Climate Research, 36 (1), pp. 1-16 . doi: 10.3354/cr00732


Download
[img]
Preview
PDF
Semmler_2008a.pdf

Download (4MB) | Preview
Cite this document as:

Share


Citation

Research Platforms
N/A

Campaigns


Actions
Edit Item Edit Item