Habitat degradation correlates with tolerance to climate-change related stressors in the green mussel Perna viridis from West Java, Indonesia


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Carolin.Wendling [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

It is unclear whether habitat degradation correlates with tolerance of marine invertebrates to abiotic stress. We therefore tested whether resistance to climate change-related stressors differs between populations of the green mussel Perna viridis from a heavily impacted and a mostly pristine site in West Java, Indonesia. In laboratory experiments, we compared their oxygen consumption and mortality under lowered salinity (�13 and �18 units, both responses), hypoxia (0.5 mg/l, mortality only) and thermal stress (+7 �C, mortality only). Mussels from the eutrophied and polluted Jakarta Bay showed a significantly smaller deviation from their normal oxygen consumption and higher survival rates when stressed than their conspecifics from the unaffected Lada Bay. This shows that human induced habitat degradation correlates with mussel tolerance to environmental stress. We discuss possible mechanisms – e.g. the selection of tolerant genotypes or habitat-specific differences in the nutritional status of the mussels – that could explain our observation.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
32662
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Wendling, C. , Huhn, M. , Nurina, A. , Bactiar, R. , von Juterzenka, K. and Lenz, M. (2013): Habitat degradation correlates with tolerance to climate-change related stressors in the green mussel Perna viridis from West Java, Indonesia , Marine Pollution Bulletin, 71 , pp. 222-229 .


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