Mesozooplankton dynamics in relation to food availability during spring and early summer in a high latitude glaciated fjord (Kongsfjorden), with focus on Calanus


Contact
eva.leu [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The timing of zooplankton reproduction in relation to spring pelagic bloomis essential in determining grazers' recruitment success and the transport of biomass through the system. At high latitudesmarine ecosystems are characterized by extreme seasonality with the production of autotrophes concentrated during the spring. In two consecutive years we studied mesozooplankton during spring and early summer in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (79°N), aiming at identifying the main grazers and understanding what affects the timing in zooplankton. The main grazerswere females and nauplii of holoplanktonic Calanus, togetherwithmeroplanktonic Cirripedia nauplii and Polychaeta larvae. The appearing of offspring and larvae showed a correlation with the spring bloom which occurred earlier in 2004 compared to 2003. The Arctic Calanus glacialis reproduced before its Atlantic counterpart Calanus finmarchicus and prior to the bloom. In the Arctic regions decreasing sea ice cover as a result of climate change is expected to alter the timing of the spring bloom which in turn will pose a need for the zooplankton to adjust their reproduction activities. Subsequently, this adjustmentwill influence ecosystem functioningmainly by modifying particulate organic matter and energy fluxes.



Item Type
Article
Authors
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Peer revision
ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
32865
DOI 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.09.012

Cite as
Kwasniewski, S. , Walkusz, W. , Cottier, F. and Leu, E. (2013): Mesozooplankton dynamics in relation to food availability during spring and early summer in a high latitude glaciated fjord (Kongsfjorden), with focus on Calanus , Journal of Marine Systems, 111-11 , pp. 83-96 . doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.09.012


Download
[img]
Preview
PDF
Kwasniewski_etal_JMS_2013.pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview
Cite this document as:

Share


Citation

Research Platforms
N/A

Campaigns


Actions
Edit Item Edit Item