Agulhas salt-leakage oscillations during abrupt climate changes of the Late Pleistocene


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Gregor.Knorr [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

An ensemble of new, high-resolution records of surface ocean hydrography from the Indian-Atlantic oceanic gateway (IAO-G), south of Africa, demonstrates recurrent and high-amplitude salinity oscillations in the Agulhas Leakage area during the penultimate glacial-interglacial cycle. A series of millennial-scale salinification events, indicating strengthened salt-leakage into the South Atlantic, appear to correlate with abrupt changes in the North Atlantic climate and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). This interhemispheric coupling, which plausibly involved changes in the Hadley Cell and mid-latitude westerlies that impacted the inter-ocean transport at the tip of Africa, suggests that the Agulhas Leakage acted as a source of negative buoyancy for the perturbed AMOC, possibly aiding its return to full-strength. Our finding points to the Indian-to-Atlantic salt transport as a potentially important modulator of the AMOC during the abrupt climate changes of the Late Pleistocene.



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Scopus/ISI peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
33363
DOI 10.1002/palo.20038

Cite as
Gianluca, M. , Zahn, R. , Ziegler, M. , Purcell, C. , Knorr, G. , Hall, I. R. , Ziveri, P. and Elderfield, H. (2013): Agulhas salt-leakage oscillations during abrupt climate changes of the Late Pleistocene , Paleoceanography, 28 . doi: 10.1002/palo.20038


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