The Intra-Seasonal Oscillation and its control of tropical cyclones simulated by high-resolution global atmospheric models

thomas.jung [ at ]


Project Athena is an international collaboration testing the efficacy of high-resolution global climate models. We compare results from 7-km mesh experiments of the Nonhydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM) and 10-km mesh experiments of the Integrated Forecast System (IFS), focusing on the Intra-Seasonal Oscillation (ISO) and its relationship with tropical cyclones (TC) among the boreal summer period (21 May–31 Aug) of 8 years (2001–2002, 2004–2009). In the first month of simulation, both models capture the intra-seasonal oscillatory behavior of the Indian monsoon similar to the observed boreal summer ISO in approximately half of the 8-year samples. The IFS simulates the NW–SE-oriented rainband and the westerly location better, while NICAM marginally reproduces mesoscale organized convective systems and better simulates the northward migration of the westerly peak and precipitation, particularly in 2006. The reproducibility of the evolution of MJO depends on the given year; IFS simulates the MJO signal well for 2002, while NICAM simulates it well for 2006. An empirical orthogonal function analysis shows that both models statistically reproduce MJO signals similar to observations, with slightly better phase speed reproduced by NICAM. Stronger TCs are simulated in NICAM than in IFS, and NICAM shows a wind-pressure relation for TCs closer to observations. TC cyclogenesis is active during MJO phases 3 and 4 in NICAM as in observations. The results show the potential of high-resolution global atmospheric models in reproducing some aspects of the relationship between MJO and TCs and the statistical behavior of TCs.

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DOI 10.1007/s00382-011-1235-6

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Satoh, M. , Oouchi, K. , Nasuno, T. , Taniguchi, H. , Yamada, Y. , Tomita, H. , Kodama, C. , Kinter III, J. L. , Achuthavarier, D. , Manganello, J. , Cash, B. A. , Jung, T. , Palmer, T. and Wedi, N. (2012): The Intra-Seasonal Oscillation and its control of tropical cyclones simulated by high-resolution global atmospheric models , Climate Dynamics, 39 (9-10), pp. 2185-2206 . doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1235-6

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