Arsenic in surface sediments of a harbor sludge dumping site in the Helgoland Mud Area, North Sea


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Sabine.Kasten [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

In order to analyse differences in concentration, speciation and total mobility of arsenic two different locations were studied near the Helgoland Mud Area, North Sea. The first location is characterised by natural sedimentation, the second by deposited sediments dredged from the port of Hamburg. Porewater as well as sediment profiles were analysed with respect to arsenic compounds (As (III) and total As) and major redox species as total and reactive manganese and iron. The sediment samples were handled under inert atmosphere before and during extraction by water, phosphate, hydrochloric acid and aqua regia. Total element contents in porewater and leachable extracts of sediment fractions were analysed. The results show a strong redox coupling of arsenic with manganese and iron. Oxidized arsenic seems to adsorb to manganese- and iron-oxyhydroxides in surface sediments. In contrast to the solid samples, the pore water data shows a release of As (III) into porewater when manganese- and ironoxyhydroxides are reduced in the upper part of the cores. Also a remobilisation of As (V) occurs. Downward diffusing arsenic can be fixed by carbonate below the zone of manganese and iron reduction. In the anoxic parts of the sediments As (III) and As (V) are released and could be fixed at authigenic iron sulphide or arsenic sulphides formation. A sulfidic precipitation of arsenic in iron-dominated systems is limited by the occurrence of HS-. Total solid-phase contents in leachable extracts of sediment fractions of the natural area show significant higher arsenic concentrations than the core of the anthropogenic dumping area. This is due to the higher fines content of the Helgoland mud area. Higher total porewater contents of iron and arsenic in the core of the anthropogenic dumping area thus due to higher turnover rates of organic matter by iron reduction. Higher concentrations of arsenic may be due to a higher availability of iron in the dumped sediments.



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Published
Eprint ID
34692
DOI 10.1180/minmag.2013.077.5.8

Cite as
Hartmann, J. F. , Kasten, S. , Krengel, T. and Isenbeck-Schröter, M. (2013): Arsenic in surface sediments of a harbor sludge dumping site in the Helgoland Mud Area, North Sea , Mineralogical Magazine - H: Goldschmidt Abstracts 2013, 77 (5), p. 1266 . doi: 10.1180/minmag.2013.077.5.8


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