The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2 since the mid 1990s

Mario.Hoppema [ at ]


The ocean has continued to take up anthropogenic CO2 from the atmosphere since the 1990s, but so far, we do not have a direct global-scale data-based quantification of this uptake. Here, we address this gap and determine the oceanic accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 between the 1990s and the mid-2000s. We compare inorganic carbon observations from the recent global repeat hydrography program with observations from the 1990s and use an eMLR method on the sea-water property C* to separate the anthropogenic CO2 component from the total change in DIC. We evaluate these results with several independent estimates, permitting us to assess the uncertainties. The initial results indicate a global increase in inventory of about 25 Pg C between 1994 and 2006, which amounts to an uptake of about 2.1 Pg C yr-1 over this period. This flux is currently rather uncertain and is at the lower end of most other estimates (e.g., atmospheric data and ocean inversions). If correct, the ocean sink would have been smaller than expected from the increase in atmospheric CO2.

Item Type
Conference (Talk)
Primary Division
Primary Topic
Publication Status
Event Details
Ocean Sciences Meeting 2014, 23 Feb 2014 - 28 Feb 2014, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A..
Eprint ID
Cite as
Gruber, N. , Clement, D. , Tanhua, T. , Ishii, M. , Key, R. M. , Rodgers, K. , Feely, R. A. , Sabine, C. L. , Mathis, J. T. , Wanninkhof, R. , van Heuven, S. , Hoppema, M. , Perez, F. F. , García-Ibañez, M. , Lo Monaco, C. , Murata, A. , Lauvset, S. and Kozyr, A. (2014): The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2 since the mid 1990s , Ocean Sciences Meeting 2014, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A., 23 February 2014 - 28 February 2014 .


Research Platforms

Edit Item Edit Item