Stable coexistence in a Lotka-Volterra model with heterogeneous resources and intraguild predation


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Maarten.Boersma [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

In this study we model population dynamics in a three-species food web with heterogeneous resources and intraguild predation by using a nonspatial Lotka-Volterra system with a density-dependent interaction of resource items. The model consists of two predators with an intraguild predation (IGP) relation competing for a common resource. The resource is subdivided into subpopulations of different quality that are distinguished by grazing rates of the two predators, contact rates between subpopulations and mortality rates. The proposed system describes an exchange of traits between species from distinct subpopulations by using a species interaction term. In particular, we examine the percentage of stable coexistence solutions versus resource carrying capacity and contact rates between distinct resource pools. We also present a numerical comparison of the percentage of stable food webs found for different numbers of subpopulations. While at high enrichment no stable coexistence was found in the IGP system with a single resource, our model predicts a stable coexistence of two IGP-related predators and resources at high and intermediate enrichment already at a low contact rate between subpopulations.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
35082
DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.062721

Cite as
Shchekinova, E. Y. , Löder, M. G. J. , Wiltshire, K. H. and Boersma, M. (2013): Stable coexistence in a Lotka-Volterra model with heterogeneous resources and intraguild predation , Physical Review E, 88 (6) . doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.062721


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