Regional differences in body condition of Pleuragramma antarcticum – causes and consequences


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Christian.Bock [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum is a mesopelagic zooplankton feeding species with a circum-Antarctic distribution. P. antarcticum occurs in shoals and represents a major trophic link in the Antarctic marine food web. Due to the lack of a swim bladder neutral buoyancy is mainly attained by large amounts of lipids which are stored in lipid sacks. However, the functional role of lipids in P. antarcticum is not yet fully understood, i.e. it is not clear whether the function of lipids is limited to buoyancy or they serve as energy deposit as well. If the lipids are used as energy storage, differences in nutritional state should be reflected in the amount of body lipid content. During the RV Polarstern expedition ANT XXVII-3 in 2011 samples of P. antarcticum were taken by means of bottom trawls and bentho-pelagic nets from 5 different regions along a north-south gradient: The South Orkney Islands, King George Island, western Weddell Sea (Larsen A and B), and the southeastern Weddell Sea. Condition factors of P. antarcticum significantly differed between regions, indicating a decline in individual nutritional state from the north to the south (highest condition at South Orkneys, lowest in the south-eastern Weddell Sea). To get a better understanding for the observed differences Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) was used to determine body composition of preserved individuals from all stations. High resolution morphological 2D- and 3D-MR images could be obtained from P. antarcticum for the first time. Digital image processing allowed determining the overall fat and muscle distribution and a calculation of individual lipid and water contents. Percentage overall lipid contents were in good correlation with literature data obtained from standard destructive techniques. The first few datasets showed substantial regional differences in %lipid content. Lipid content was relatively high in individuals from the South Orkneys and King George Island, and low in individuals from the south-eastern Weddell Sea, following the trend of the condition factors. However, individuals from Larsen A show extraordinary high lipid contents compared to all others, and individuals from Larsen B extraordinary low lipid contents. These differences might indicate extensive differences in nutrient availability in both Larsen areas. However, this will not explain the discrepancy in condition factor and lipid content. Analyses of lipid composition in muscle and liver tissues are currently under way to test for potential causes.



Item Type
Conference (Talk)
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Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
XIth SCAR Biology Symposium, 15 Jul 2013 - 19 Jul 2013, Barcelona, Spain.
Eprint ID
35739
Cite as
Bock, C. , Wermter, F. and Mintenbeck, K. (2013): Regional differences in body condition of Pleuragramma antarcticum – causes and consequences , XIth SCAR Biology Symposium, Barcelona, Spain, 15 July 2013 - 19 July 2013 .


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