Arctic sea ice and atmospheric circulation under the abrupt4xCO2 scenario


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Annette.Rinke [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

We analyze sea ice changes from eight different earth system models that have conducted experiment abrupt4xCO2 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). In response to abrupt quadrupling of CO2 from preindustrial levels, Arctic temperatures dramatically rise by about 10°C—16°C in winter and the seasonal sea ice cycle and sea ice concentration are significantly changed compared with the pre-industrial control simulations (piControl). Changes of Arctic sea ice concentration are spatially correlated with temperature patterns in all seasons and highest in autumn. Changes in sea ice are associated with changes in atmospheric circulation patterns at heights up to the jet stream. While the pattern of sea level pressure changes is generally similar to the surface air temperature change pattern, the wintertime 500 hPa circulation displays a positive Pacific North America (PNA) anomaly under abrupt4xCO2-piControl. This large scale teleconnection may contribute to, or feedback on, the simulated sea ice cover change and is associated with an intensification of the jet stream over East Asia and the north Pacific in winter.



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Eprint ID
37092
DOI 10.13679/j.advps.2014.4.00234

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Yu, X. , Rinke, A. , Ji, D. , Cui, X. and Moore, J. C. (2014): Arctic sea ice and atmospheric circulation under the abrupt4xCO2 scenario , Advances Polar Science, 25 (4), pp. 234-245 . doi: 10.13679/j.advps.2014.4.00234


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