Late Holocene environmental ice core record from Akademii Nauk ice cap (Severnaya Zemlya)

Diedrich.Fritzsche [ at ]


Ice cores are established as archives for environmental changes since many years. On Severnaya Zemlya, the easternmost archipelago with considerable glaciation in the Eurasian Arctic, a 724 m long ice core has been drilled on Akademii Nauk the largest ice cap there. Stable water isotope and major ions concentrations in this ice core are presented (e.g. Fritzsche et al., 2005, Opel et al., 2013). They represent more than 3000 years of regional climate and environmental history. A well-known depth-age relationship is necessary for a paleoclimate interpretation of the data. In a first approach the dating was performed by counting of annual cycles of stable isotopes well-preserved in the core even though overprinted by the effect of percolating melt water from summer surface melting. The depth-age scale produced by counting has been matched to volcanic eruption events with well-known ages detectable in the sulphate record of the core. This approach has some disadvantages due to the fact that the pattern of stratospheric volcanic events recorded in well-dated ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica is influenced by rather regional tropospheric eruptions as in our case probably in Iceland and Kamchatka, partly less precisely dated. The depth-age relationship has therefore to be proofed by an independent method. The isotope 10Be is produced by cosmic radiation in the Earth’s atmosphere. Its residence time there is about one year, shorter than it is for 14C, for which reason variability of 10Be in archives like glaciers is much higher compared to 14C. The production rate of both radionuclides is depending on the solar activity. Their concentrations were used for the reconstruction of heliomagnetic variations in the past and can be vice versa used for dating of ice cores. Today, accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) allows measurements of 10Be in ice cores. Its concentration is depending on the geomagnetic coordinates of the location of its production, transport and deposition mechanisms, accumulation rates etc. Therefore, local differences in 10Be concentrations are observed (Berggren et al., 2009). Here, we present 10Be concentrations measured by the team of DREsden AMS (DREAMS) (Akhmadaliev et al., 2013) in discrete Akademii Nauk ice core samples of about 300 g. Our 10Be record shows its general potential to validate our depth-age model matching the 10Be concentration pattern to that of Greenlandic ice cores as well as 14C production reconstruction. References Akhmadaliev, S., Heller, R., Hanf, D., Rugel, G., and S. Merchel (2013): The new 6 MV AMS-facility DREAMS at Dresden, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B., 294, pp .5-10. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2012.01.053. Berggren, A.-M., J. Beer, G. Possnert, A. Aldahan, P. Kubik, M. Christl, S. J. Johnsen, J. Abreu and B. M. Vinther (2009): A 600-year annual 10Be record from the NGRIP ice core, Greenland, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L11801, doi:10.1029/2009GL038004. Fritzsche, D., Schütt, R., Meyer, H., Miller, H., Wilhelms, F., Opel, T. and Savatyugin, L. M. (2005): A 275 year ice core record from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya, Russian Arctic, Annals of Glaciology, 42, pp. 361-366. doi:10.3189/172756405781812862. Opel, T., Fritzsche, D. and Meyer, H. (2013): Eurasian Arctic climate over the past millennium as recorded in the Akademii Nauk ice core (Severnaya Zemlya) , Climate of the Past, 9 (5), pp. 2379-2389. doi:10.5194/cp-9-2379-2013.

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PAST Gateways, Third International Conference and Workshop, 18 May 2015 - 22 May 2015, Alfred Wegener Institute Potsdam.
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Fritzsche, D. , Opel, T. , Meyer, H. , Merchel, S. , Rugel, G. and Enamorado Baez, S. (2015): Late Holocene environmental ice core record from Akademii Nauk ice cap (Severnaya Zemlya) , PAST Gateways, Third International Conference and Workshop, Alfred Wegener Institute Potsdam, 18 May 2015 - 22 May 2015 .

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