The Manihiki Plateau—A multistage volcanic emplacement history


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ricarda.pietsch [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The formation history of the Manihiki Plateau, a Large Igneous Province, is poorly understood. New high resolution seismic reflection data across the High Plateau, the largest edifice of the Manihiki Plateau, provides evidence for multistage magmatic emplacement. Improved data quality allows for an identification of an earlier volcanic phase, the initial formation phase (>125 Ma), in addition to the previously known volcanic formation phases: the expansion phase (125-116) formerly called main-phase and the secondary volcanic phase (100-65 Ma). This enhances the understanding of the emplacement scenario. An intrabasement reflection band IB1 reveals the end of initial volcanic formation and forms the nucleus of the High Plateau. This feature provides indications that it continued beyond the Manihiki Scarp and thus supports the hypothesis of an extension of the Manihiki Plateau to the East during the initial formation and expansion phases. The expansion phase is characterized by massive volcanic outpourings leveling and extending the basement throughout the High Plateau and the neighboring Western Plateaus, which in contrast shows massive tectonic alteration. Extrusion centers formed within the secondary volcanic phase (ending ∼65 Ma) are mainly concentrated along the margins of the High Plateau, suggesting the magmatic sources shifted from those being related to the initial emplacement and expansion phases of the High Plateau to induced volcanism at the tectonically altered margins. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
38482
DOI 10.1002/2015GC005852

Cite as
Pietsch, R. and Uenzelmann-Neben, G. , Alfred Wegener Institut (2015): The Manihiki Plateau—A multistage volcanic emplacement history , Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16 , pp. 2480-2498 . doi: 10.1002/2015GC005852


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