Temporal shift in biomass and production of macrozoobenthos in the macroalgal belt at Hansneset, Kongsfjorden, after 15 years


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Martin.Paar [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

In Arctic macroalgal belt ecosystems, macrozoobenthic production is thought to be an important link between primary production and higher trophic levels. Macrozoobenthic biomass and secondary production were studied along transects (2.5-15 m depth) in the macroalgal belt at Hansneset in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, from 2012 to 2013. At 2.5m, the standing stock reached its maxima of 174.8 ± 54.4 g ash free dry weight per 1 m2, while density (4341 ind. m-2± 1127 95% CI) and production (7.0 g C m-2 y-1 ± 2.8 95% CI) were highest at 5 m water depth in 2012/13. Compared to a study from 1996/98, this re-sampling indicated a drastic change in the depth-distribution of macrozoobenthic biomass and secondary production at Hansneset. While both biomass and secondary production increased with water depth in 1996/98, this pattern was inversed in 2012/13 owing to a tenfold increase of biomass and secondary production in the upper most sublittoral (2.5-5 m). Variability of macrozoobenthic biomass and secondary production corresponded to differences in the physical environment and macroalgal vegetation along the depth gradient. In the last decade, the number of ice free days per year increased probably due to Arctic warming. As a result, shallow rocky habitats (2.5-5 m) are less affected by ice scouring, thereby opening new space for colonization by benthic fauna. However, faunal secondary production was low compared to macroalgal primary production, indicating a considerable export of most of the algal production from the shallow habitats to the adjacent areas.



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Article
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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
38630
DOI 10.1007/s00300-015-1760-6

Cite as
Paar, M. , Voronkov, A. , Hop, H. , Brey, T. , Bartsch, I. , Schwanitz, M. , Wiencke, C. , lebreton, B. , Asmus, R. and Asmus, H. (2015): Temporal shift in biomass and production of macrozoobenthos in the macroalgal belt at Hansneset, Kongsfjorden, after 15 years , Polar Biology . doi: 10.1007/s00300-015-1760-6


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