The Expedition PS93.2 of the Research Vessel Polarstern to the Fram Strait in 2015


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Abstract

The second leg of the Polarstern expedition PS93 to the Arctic started on 21st July 2015 in Tromsø (Norway) and ended on 15th August 2015, again in Tromsø (Fig. 1.1). The cruise led to the deep-sea observatory HAUSGARTEN in the Fram Strait (approx. 78°30’N - 80°00’N, 05°00’W - 11°00’E). The total duration of the expedition was 24 days; about 285 hours (almost 12 days) were spent for station work. The remaining time was used to reach the study area, for steaming between individual stations, and for the transit from 79°N back to Tromsø. More than 30 stations were sampled, thereby usually deploying several scientific instruments per site. The total length of the expedition was approx. 1,800 nautical miles. The scientific work during expedition PS93.2 supported the time-series studies at the LTER (Long-Term Ecological Research) observatory HAUSGARTEN, where we document Global Change induced environmental variations on a polar deep-water ecosystem. This work was carried out in close co-operation between the HGF-MPG Joint Research Group on Deep-Sea Ecology and Technology, the PEBCAO Group (Phytoplankton Ecology and Biogeochemistry in the Changing Arctic Ocean) at AWI, and the Helmholtz Young Investigators Group SEAPUMP (Seasonal and regional food web interactions with the biological pump), representing a joint effort between AWI and the MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences at the University of Bremen. The expedition was also used to accomplish installations for the HGF infrastructure project FRAM (FRontiers in Arctic marine Monitoring). The FRAM Ocean Observing System aims at permanent presence at sea, from surface to depth, for the provision of near real-time data on Earth system dynamics, climate variability and ecosystem change. It serves national and international tasks towards a better understanding of the effects of change in ocean circulation, water mass properties and sea-ice retreat on Arctic marine ecosystems and their main functions and services. Within the framework of a ‘Trans-National Access’ (TNA) initiative of the European project FixO3 (Fixed-point Open Ocean Observatories), the expedition provided access to the FRAM Ocean Observing System thereby supporting external and joint scientific projects logistically. Beside the more “traditional” instruments used for marine research (e.g. water sampler, plankton nets, sediment sampler, moorings, bottom-lander) we operated a deep-diving Work-Class Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) as well as an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) and different autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) during the overall technically and logistically very challenging expedition. The effective cooperation between the scientific party and the ship’s crew, in combination with perfect weather conditions during most times of the cruise, made this expedition a great success.



Item Type
"Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung" (Expedition reports)
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Research Networks
Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
39095
DOI 10.2312/BzPM_0693_2015

Cite as
Soltwedel, T. (2015): The Expedition PS93.2 of the Research Vessel Polarstern to the Fram Strait in 2015 , Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung = Reports on polar and marine research, Bremerhaven, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, 693 , 68 p. . doi: 10.2312/BzPM_0693_2015


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