30 years of upper air soundings on board of R/V POLARSTERN


Contact
Amelie.Driemel [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The research vessel and supply icebreaker POLARSTERN is the flagship of the Alfred-Wegener- Institut in Bremerhaven (Germany) and one of the infrastructural pillars of German Antarctic research. Since its commissioning in 1982, POLARSTERN has conducted 30 campaigns to Antarctica (157 legs, mostly austral summer), and 29 to the Arctic (94 legs, northern summer). Usually, POLARSTERN is more than 300 days per year in operation and crosses the Atlantic Ocean in a meridional section twice a year. The first radiosonde on POLARSTERN was released on the 29 December 1982, 2 days after POLARSTERN started on its maiden voyage to the Antarctic. And these daily soundings have continued up to the present. Due to the fact that POLARSTERN has reliably and regularly been providing upper air observations from data sparse regions (oceans and polar regions), the radiosonde data are of special value for researchers and weather forecast services alike. In the course of 30 years (29 December 1982 to 25 November 2012) a total of 12 378 radiosonde balloons were started on POLARSTERN. All radiosonde data can now be found at König-Langlo (2015, doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.810000). Each data set contains the directly measured parameters air temperature, relative humidity and air pressure, and the derived altitude, wind direction and wind speed. 432 data sets additionally contain ozone measurements. Although more sophisticated techniques (meteorological satellites, aircraft observation, remote-sensing sys- tems, etc.) have nowadays become increasingly important, the high vertical resolution and quality of radiosonde data remains paramount for weather forecasts and modelling approaches.



Item Type
Article
Authors
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Peer revision
ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
40290
DOI 10.5194/essd-8-213-2016

Cite as
Driemel, A. , Loose, B. , Grobe, H. , Sieger, R. and König-Langlo, G. (2016): 30 years of upper air soundings on board of R/V POLARSTERN , Earth System Science Data, 8 (1), pp. 213-220 . doi: 10.5194/essd-8-213-2016


Download
[thumbnail of essd-8-213-2016.pdf]
Preview
PDF
essd-8-213-2016.pdf

Download (4MB) | Preview
Cite this document as:

Share


Citation

Geographical region

Research Platforms

Campaigns
ANT > I
ANT > II
ANT > III
ANT > IV
ANT > IX
ANT > V
ANT > VI
ANT > VII
ANT > VIII
ANT > X
ANT > XI
ANT > XII
ANT > XIII
ANT > XIV
ANT > XIX
ANT > XV
ANT > XVI
ANT > XVII
ANT > XVIII
ANT > XX
ANT > XXI
ANT > XXII
ANT > XXIII
ANT > XXIV
ANT > XXIX
ANT > XXV
ANT > XXVI
ANT > XXVII
ANT > XXVIII
ANT > XXX > 1.1
ANT > XXX > 1.2
ANT > XXX > 2
ANT > XXX > 3
ARK > I
ARK > II
ARK > III
ARK > IV
ARK > IX
ARK > V
ARK > VI
ARK > VII
ARK > VIII
ARK > X
ARK > XI
ARK > XII
ARK > XIII
ARK > XIV
ARK > XIX
ARK > XV
ARK > XVI
ARK > XVII
ARK > XVIII
ARK > XX
ARK > XXI
ARK > XXII
ARK > XXIII
ARK > XXIV
ARK > 1
ARK > XXIX > 1
ARK > XXIX > 2.1
ARK > XXIX > 2.2
ARK > XXIX > 3
ARK > XXV
ARK > XXVI
ARK > XXVII


Actions
Edit Item Edit Item