The Manihiki Plateau – A key to missing hotspot tracks?


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ricarda.pietsch [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

A Neogene magmatic reactivation of the Manihiki Plateau, a Large Igneous Province (LIP) in the central Pacific, is studied using seismic reflection data. Igneous diapirs have been identified exclusively within a narrow WNW-ESE striking corridor in the southern High Plateau (HP), which is parallel to the Neogene Pacific Plate motion and overlaps with an extrapolation of the Society Islands Hotspot path. The igneous diapirs are characterized by a narrow width (> 5 km), penetration of the Neogene sediments, and they become progressively younger towards the East (23-10 Ma). The magmatic source appears to be of small lateral extent, which leads to the conclusion that the diapirs represent Neogene hotspot volcanism within a LIP, and thus may be an older, previously unknown extension of the Society Islands Hotspot track (> 4.5 Ma). Comparing hotspot volcanism within oceanic and continental lithosphere, we further conclude that hotspot volcanism within LIP crust has similarities to tectonically faulted continental crust.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
40797
DOI 10.1093/gji/ggw166

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Pietsch, R. and Uenzelmann-Neben, G. (2016): The Manihiki Plateau – A key to missing hotspot tracks? , Geophysical Journal International, 206 (2), pp. 731-741 . doi: 10.1093/gji/ggw166


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