Implications of air inclusions on ice microdynamics: Insights from numerical simulations

Ilka.Weikusat [ at ]


Although ice sheets are valuable paleo-climate archives, they can loose their integrity by ice flow (Faria et al. 2010). Consequently, understanding the dynamic processes that control the flow of ice is essential when investigating the past and future climate. While recent research successfully modelled the microdynamics of pure ice (e.g. Montagnat et al., 2014; Llorens et al., 2015), work taking into account second phases is scarce. Only a few studies also show the microstructural influence of air inclusions (Azuma et al., 2012, Roessiger et al., 2014). Therefore, modelling was performed focussing on the implications of the presence of bubbles on the microdynamical mechanisms and microstructure evolution. The full-field theory crystal plasticity code (FFT) of Lebensohn (2001), was coupled to the 2D multi-process modelling platform Elle (Bons et al., 2008), following the approach by Griera et al. (2013). FFT calculates the viscoplastic response of polycrystalline materials deforming by dislocation glide, taking into account mechanical anisotropy. The models further incorporate surface- and stored strain energy driven grain boundary migration (GBM) and intracrystalline recovery simulating annihilation and rearrangement of dislocations by reduction of internal misorientations. GBM was refined for polyphase materials following Becker et al. (2008) and Roessiger et al. (2014). Additionally, the formation of new high angle grain boundaries by nucleation and polygonisation based on critical internal misorientations has been implemented. Successively running the codes for different processes in very short numerical timesteps effectively enables multi-process modelling of deformation and concurrent recrystallisation. Results show how air inclusions control and increase strain localisation, leading to locally enhanced dynamic recrystallisation. This is in compliance with Faria et al. (2014), who theoretically predicted these localizations based on firn data from EPICA Dronning Maud Land (EDML) ice core. We propose that strain localisation has a strong control on the dominating recrystallisation mechanisms and can account for microstructural observations from alpine and polar ice cores. Our results confirm dynamic recrystallisation occurring in the uppermost levels of ice sheets as observed by Kipfstuhl et al. (2009) and Weikusat et al. (2009) in EDML core. Azuma, N., et al. (2012) Journal of Structural Geology, 42, 184-193 Becker, J.K., et al. (2008) Computers & Geosciences, 34, 201-212 Bons, P.D., et al. (2008) Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, 106 Faria, S.H., et al. (2010) Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 338-351 Faria, S.H., et al. (2014) Journal of Structural Geology, 61, 21-49 Griera, A., et al. (2013) Tectonophysics, 587, 4-29 Kipfstuhl, S., et al. (2009) Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, B05204 Lebensohn, R.A. (2001) Acta Materialia, 49, 2723-2737 Llorens, M.G., et al. (2015) Journal of Glaciology, in press, doi:10.1017/jog.2016.28 Montagnat, M., et al. (2014) Journal of Structural Geology, 61, 78-108 Roessiger, J., et al. (2014) Journal of Structural Geology, 61, 123-132 Weikusat, I., et al. (2009) Journal of Glaciology, 55, 461-472

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EGU General Assembly 2016, 17 Apr 2016 - 22 Apr 2016, Vienna, Austria.
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Steinbach, F. , Weikusat, I. , Bons, P. D. , Griera, A. , Kerch, J. , Kuiper, E. J. and Llorens, M. G. (2016): Implications of air inclusions on ice microdynamics: Insights from numerical simulations , EGU General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17 April 2016 - 22 April 2016 .

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