Functional & phylogenetic diversity of copepod communities


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sakina.ayata [ at ] normalesup.org

Abstract

The diversity of natural communities is classically estimated through species identification (taxonomic diversity) but can also be estimated from the ecological functions performed by the species (functional diversity), or from the phylogenetic relationships among them (phylogenetic diversity). Estimating functional diversity requires the definition of specific functional traits, i.e., phenotypic characteristics that impact fitness and are relevant to ecosystem functioning. Estimating phylogenetic diversity requires the description of phylogenetic relationships, for instance by using molecular tools. In the present study, we focused on the functional and phylogenetic diversity of copepod surface communities in the Mediterranean Sea. First, we implemented a specific trait database for the most commonly-sampled and abundant copepod species of the Mediterranean Sea. Our database includes 191 species, described by seven traits encompassing diverse ecological functions: minimal and maximal body length, trophic group, feeding type, spawning strategy, diel vertical migration and vertical habitat. Clustering analysis in the functional trait space revealed that Mediterranean copepods can be gathered into groups that have different ecological roles. Second, we reconstructed a phylogenetic tree using the available sequences of 18S rRNA. Our tree included 154 of the analyzed Mediterranean copepod species. We used these two datasets to describe the functional and phylogenetic diversity of copepod surface communities in the Mediterranean Sea. The replacement component (turn-over) and the species richness difference component (nestedness) of the beta diversity indices were identified. Finally, by comparing various and complementary aspects of plankton diversity (taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic diversity) we were able to gain a better understanding of the relationships among the zooplankton community, biodiversity, ecosystem function, and environmental forcing.



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Conference (Talk)
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Primary Division
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Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
Ocean Sciences Meeting (AGU, ASLO, TOS), New Orleans, USA, 21 Feb 2016 - 26 Feb 2016, New Orleans.
Eprint ID
41210
Cite as
Ayata, S. D. , Benedetti, F. , Blanco Bercial, L. , Cornils, A. and Guilhaumon, F. (2016): Functional & phylogenetic diversity of copepod communities , Ocean Sciences Meeting (AGU, ASLO, TOS), New Orleans, USA, New Orleans, 21 February 2016 - 26 February 2016 .


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