Concentrations and abundance ratios of long-chain alkenones and glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in sinking particles south of Java


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Gesine.Mollenhauer [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

In this study, we obtained concentrations and abundance ratios of long-chain alkenones and glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) in a one-year time-series of sinking particles collected with a sediment trap moored from December 2001 to November 2002 at 2200 m water depth south of Java in the eastern Indian Ocean. We investigate the seasonality of alkenone and GDGT fluxes as well as the potential habitat depth of the Thaumarchaeota producing the GDGTs entrained in sinking particles. The alkenone flux shows a pronounced seasonality and ranges from 1 µg m-2 d-1 to 35 µg m-2 d-1. The highest alkenone flux is observed in late September during the Southeast monsoon, coincident with high total organic carbon fluxes as well as high net primary productivity. Flux-weighted mean temperature for the high flux period using the alkenone-based sea-surface temperature (SST) index UK’37 is 26.7°C, which is similar to satellite-derived Southeast (SE) monsoon SST (26.4°C). The GDGT flux displays a weaker seasonality than that of the alkenones. It is elevated during the SE monsoon period compared to the Northwest (NW) monsoon and intermonsoon periods (approximately 2.5 times), which is probably related to seasonal variation of the abundance of Thaumarchaeota, or to enhanced export of GDGTs by aggregation with sinking phytoplankton detritus. Flux-weighted mean temperature inferred from the GDGT-based TEXH86 index is 26.2°C, which is 1.8 °C lower than mean annual (ma) SST but similar to SE monsoon SST. As the time series of TEXH86 temperature estimates, however, does not record a strong seasonal amplitude, we infer that TEXH86 reflects ma upper thermocline temperature at approximately 50 m water depth.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
41324
DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.010

Cite as
Chen, W. , Mohtadi, M. , Schefuß, E. and Mollenhauer, G. (2016): Concentrations and abundance ratios of long-chain alkenones and glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in sinking particles south of Java , Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 112 , pp. 14-24 . doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.010


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