Sea Cucumber Biology and Ecology


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matthew.james.slater [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The class Holothuroidea (Animalia, Echinodermata, Echinozoa) exhibits an extraordinary breadth of distribution across all oceans, filling niches in effectively every benthic zone of the marine environment from the intertidal to the abyssal (Pawson 1982). Sea cucumbers are frequently among the largest and most diverse classes of benthic invertebrate in the intertidal and subtidal and constitute the majority of total biomass in slope and abyssal benthic systems. While most sea cucumbers are either sedentary or comparatively slow-moving, a number of species move periodically by swimming and a few are primarily bathypelagic free swimmers (Miller and Pawson 1990). Holothurians exhibit a broad range of feeding strategies; however, most are primarily dependent assimilation of settling particulate organic matter, microphytobenthic production and/or benthic infauna for organic material.



Item Type
Inbook
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Peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
41349
DOI 10.1002/9781119005810.ch3

Cite as
Slater, M. J. and Chen, J. (2015): Sea Cucumber Biology and Ecology / N. Brown and S. Eddy (editors) , In: Echinoderm Aquaculture, Echinoderm Aquaculture, New Jersey, WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, 384 p., ISBN: 978-0-470-9603 . doi: 10.1002/9781119005810.ch3


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