Combined effects of ocean acidification and enhanced irradiances on Arctic phytoplankton assemblages from different locations – why do they not care?


Contact
Clara.Hoppe [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The Arctic Ocean is one of the regions most prone to on-going ocean acidification (OA) and climate-driven changes, including increased sea surface temperature, sea-ice melt and altered mixing regimes. However, the influence of these changes on Arctic primary productivity, phytoplankton ecology and elemental cycles remains poorly understood. To date, the impact of various environmental stressors on phytoplankton have largely been assessed in isolation, and only limited process-understanding was gained. In order to understand how OA and enhanced irradiances (resulting from sea-ice retreat and increased mixed layer stratification) will alter the species composition, productivity and ecophysiology of Arctic phytoplankton, we conducted four incubation experiments with natural plankton assemblages from Davis Strait (63°N), Baffin Bay (71°N) and Kongsfjorden (Svalbard, 79°N). Phytoplankton assemblages were exposed to 400 and 1200 µatm pCO2 at both low and high irradiance levels over several weeks. These incubations were monitored and characterised in terms of phytoplankton growth, nutrient usage, biomass stoichiometry, net primary production (NPP), photophysiology and species composition. Preliminary results indicate that while the Subarctic Davis Strait assemblage exhibited light- and CO2-dependent growth rates and NPP, while there were no such differences between treatments in the Arctic assemblages (Baffin Bay and Svalbard). The observed similarities and differences in composition, productivity and physiology of phytoplankton assemblages grown under different climate scenarios will be discussed. Overall, our results indicate a high level of resilience of Arctic primary producers to climate-dependent environmental change.



Item Type
Conference (Invited talk)
Authors
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
Gordon Research Seminar ‘Global Ocean Change Biology’, 16 Jul 2016 - 17 Jul 2016, Waterville Valley, NH, USA.
Eprint ID
41605
Cite as
Hoppe, C. J. M. , Schuback, N. , Wolf, K. , Semeniuk, D. , Madonado, M. T. , Rost, B. and Tortell, P. D. (2016): Combined effects of ocean acidification and enhanced irradiances on Arctic phytoplankton assemblages from different locations – why do they not care? , Gordon Research Seminar ‘Global Ocean Change Biology’, Waterville Valley, NH, USA, 16 July 2016 - 17 July 2016 .


Share

Research Platforms

Campaigns


Actions
Edit Item Edit Item