Growth of nucleation mode particls in the summertime Arctic: a case study


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Andreas.Herber [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The summertime Arctic lower troposphere is a relatively pristine background aerosol environment dominated by nucleation and Aitken mode particles. Understanding the mechanisms that control the formation and growth of aerosol is crucial for our ability to predict cloud properties and therefore radiative balance and climate. We present an analysis of an aerosol growth event observed in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago during summer as part of the NETCARE project. Under stable and clean atmospheric conditions, withlow inversion heights, carbon monoxide less than 80 ppbv, and black carbon less than 5 ngm-3, we observe growth of small particles, <20 nm in diameter, into sizes above 50 nm. Aerosol growth was correlated with the presence of organic species, trimethylamine, and methanesulfonic acid (MSA) in particles ≈80 nm and larger, where the organics are similar to those previously observed in marine settings. MSA-to-sulfate ratios as high as 0.15 were observed during aerosol growth, suggesting an important marine influence. The organic-rich aerosol contributes significantly to particles active as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN, supersaturation D0.6 %), which are elevated in concentration during aerosol growth above background levels ≈100 to ≈220 cm-3. Results from this case study highlight the potential importance of secondary organic aerosol formationand its role in growing nucleation mode aerosol into CCN active sizes in this remote marine environment.



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Peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
41676
DOI 10.5194/acp-16-7663-2016

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Willis, M. D. , Burkart, J. , Thomas, J. L. , Köllner, F. , Schneider, J. , Bozem, H. , Hoor, P. M. , Aliabadi, A. A. , Schulz, H. , Herber, A. , Leaitch, W. R. and Abbatt, J. P. (2016): Growth of nucleation mode particls in the summertime Arctic: a case study , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16 , pp. 7663-7679 . doi: 10.5194/acp-16-7663-2016


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