The cyst-theca relationship of the dinoflagellate cystTrinovantedinium pallidifulvum, with erection ofProtoperidinium lousianensissp. nov. and their phylogenetic position within theConicagroup


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gerard.versteegh [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

We establish the cyst-theca relationship of the cyst species Trinovantedinium pallidifulvum Matsuoka 1987 based on germination experiments of specimens isolated from the Gulf of Mexico. We show that the motile stage is a new species, designated as Protoperidinium louisianensis. We also determine its phylogenetic position based on single-cell PCR of a single cell germinated from the Gulf of Mexico cysts. To further refine the phylogeny, we determined the LSU sequence through single-cell PCR of the cyst Selenopemphix undulata isolated from Brentwood Bay (Saanich Inlet, BC, Canada). The phylogeny shows that P. louisianensis is closest to P. shanghaiense, the motile stage of T. applanatum, and is consistent with the monophyly of the genus Trinovantedinium. Selenopemphix undulata belongs to a different clade than Selenopemphix quanta (alleged cyst of P. conicum), suggesting that the genus Selenopemphix is polyphyletic.



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Eprint ID
41886
DOI 10.1080/01916122.2016.1147219

Cite as
Mertens, K. N. , Gu, H. , Takano, Y. , Price, A. M. , Pospelova, V. , Bogus, K. , Versteegh, G. J. M. , Marret, F. , Turner, R. E. , Rabalais, N. N. and Matsuoka, K. (2016): The cyst-theca relationship of the dinoflagellate cystTrinovantedinium pallidifulvum, with erection ofProtoperidinium lousianensissp. nov. and their phylogenetic position within theConicagroup , Palynology, pp. 1-20 . doi: 10.1080/01916122.2016.1147219


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