High-resolution monitoring of marine protists based on an observation strategy integrating automated on-board ship filtration and molecular analyses


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Katja.Metfies [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Information on recent biomass distribution and biogeography of photosynthetic marine protists with adequate temporal and spatial resolution is urgently needed to better understand consequences of environmental change for marine ecosystems. Here we introduce and review a molecular-based observation strategy for high resolution assessment of these protists in space and time. It is the result of extensive technology developments, adaptations and evaluations which are documented in a number of different publications and the results of recently accomplished field testing, which are introduced in this review. The observation strategy is organized at four different levels. At level 1, samples are collected at high spatio-temporal resolution using the remote-controlled automated filtration system AUTOFIM. Resulting samples can either be preserved for later laboratory analyses, or directly subjected to molecular surveillance of key species aboard the ship via an automated biosensor system or quantitative polymerase chain reaction (level 2). Preserved samples are analyzed at the next observational levels in the laboratory (level 3 and 4). This involves at level 3 molecular fingerprinting methods for a quick and reliable overview of differences in protist community composition. Finally, selected samples can be used to generate a detailed analysis of taxonomic protist composition via the latest Next Generation Sequencing Technology (NGS) at level 4. An overall integrated dataset of the results based on the different analyses provides comprehensive information on the diversity and biogeography of protists, including all related size classes. At the same time the cost effort of the observation is optimized in respect to analysis effort and time.



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Peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
42301
DOI 10.5194/os-12-1-2016

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Metfies, K. , Schroeder, F. , Hessel, J. , Wollschläger, J. , Micheller, S. , Wolf, C. , Kilias, E. , Sprong, P. , Neuhaus, S. , Frickenhaus, S. and Petersen, W. (2016): High-resolution monitoring of marine protists based on an observation strategy integrating automated on-board ship filtration and molecular analyses , Ocean Science, 12 , pp. 1-11 . doi: 10.5194/os-12-1-2016


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