First year of practical experiences of the new Arctic AWIPEV-COSYNA cabled Underwater Observatory in Kongsfjorden, Spitsbergen


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Philipp.Fischer [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

A combined year-round assessment of selected oceanographic data and a macrobiotic community assess- ment was performed from October 2013 to November 2014 in the littoral zone of the Kongsfjorden polar fjord system on the western coast of Svalbard (Norway). State of the art remote controlled cabled underwater observatory technology was used for daily vertical profiles of temperature, salinity, and turbidity together with a stereo-optical assessment of the macrobiotic community, including fish. The results reveal a distinct seasonal cycle in total species abundances, with a significantly higher total abundance and species richness dur- ing the polar winter when no light is available underwater compared to the summer months when 24 h light is available. During the winter months, a temporally highly segmented community was observed with respect to species occurrence, with single species dominating the winter community for re- stricted times. In contrast, the summer community showed an overall lower total abundance as well as a significantly lower number of species. The study clearly demonstrates the high potential of cable connected remote controlled digital sampling devices, especially in remote areas, such as po- lar fjord systems, with harsh environmental conditions and limited accessibility. A smart combination of such new dig- ital “sampling” methods with classic sampling procedures can provide a possibility to significantly extend the sampling time and frequency, especially in remote and difficult to access areas. This can help to provide a sufficient data density and therefore statistical power for a sound scientific analysis without increasing the invasive sampling pressure in ecolog- ically sensitive environments.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
44743
DOI 10.5194/os-13-259-2017

Cite as
Fischer, P. , Schwanitz, M. , Loth, R. , Posner, U. , Brand, M. and Schröder, F. (2017): First year of practical experiences of the new Arctic AWIPEV-COSYNA cabled Underwater Observatory in Kongsfjorden, Spitsbergen , Ocean Science, 13 (2), pp. 259-272 . doi: 10.5194/os-13-259-2017


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