Origin of increased terrigenous supply to the NE South American continental margin during Heinrich Stadial 1 and the Younger Dryas


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Ralf.Tiedemann [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

We investigate the redistribution of terrigenous materials in the northeastern (NE) South American continental margin during slowdown events of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). The compilation of stratigraphic data from 108 marine sediment cores collected across the western tropical Atlantic shows an extreme rise in sedimentation rates off the Parnaíba River mouth (about 2◦S) during Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1, 18–15 ka). Sediment core GeoB16206-1, raised offshore the Parnaíba River mouth, documents relatively constant 143 Nd/144 Nd values (expressed as εNd(0) ) throughout the last 30 ka. Whereas the homogeneous εNd(0) data support the input of fluvial sediments by the Parnaíba River from the same source area directly onshore, the increases in Fe/Ca, Al/Si and Rb/Sr during HS1 indicate a marked intensification of fluvial erosion in the Parnaíba River drainage basin. In contrast, the εNd(0) values from sediment core GeoB16224-1 collected off French Guiana (about 7◦N) suggest Amazon-sourced materials within the last 30 ka. We attribute the extremely high volume of terrigenous sediments deposited offshore the Parnaíba River mouth during HS1 to (i) an enhanced precipitation in the catchment region and (ii) a reduced North Brazil Current, which are both associated with a weakened AMOC.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
45011
DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.09.054

Cite as
Zhang, Y. , Chiessi, C. M. , Mulitza, S. , Zabel, M. , Trindade, R. I. , Hollanda, M. H. B. , Dantas, E. L. , Govin, A. , Tiedemann, R. and Wefer, G. (2015): Origin of increased terrigenous supply to the NE South American continental margin during Heinrich Stadial 1 and the Younger Dryas , Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 432 , pp. 493-500 . doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.09.054


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