A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era


Emile-Geay, Julien, McKay, Nicholas P., Kaufman, Darrell S., von Gunten, Lucien, Wang, Jianghao, Anchukaitis, Kevin J., Abram, Nerilie J., Addison, Jason A., Curran, Mark A. J., Evans, Michael N., Henley, Benjamin J., Hao, Zhixin, Martrat, Belen, McGregor, Helen V., Neukom, Raphael, Pederson, Gregory T., Stenni, Barbara, Thirumalai, Kaustubh, Werner, Johannes P., Xu, Chenxi, Divine, Dmitry V., Dixon, Bronwyn C., Gergis, Joelle, Mundo, Ignacio A., Nakatsuka, Takeshi, Phipps, Steven J., Routson, Cody C., Steig, Eric J., Tierney, Jessica E., Tyler, Jonathan J., Allen, Kathryn J., Bertler, Nancy A. N., Björklund, Jesper, Chase, Brian M., Chen, Min-Te, Cook, Ed, de Jong, Rixt, DeLong, Kristine L., Dixon, Daniel A., Ekaykin, Alexey A., Ersek, Vasile, Filipsson, Helena L., Francus, Pierre, Freund, Mandy B., Frezzotti, Massimo, Gaire, Narayan P., Gajewski, Konrad, Ge, Quansheng, Goosse, Hugues, Gornostaeva, Anastasia, Grosjean, Martin, Horiuchi, Kazuho, Hormes, Anne, Husum, Katrine, Isaksson, Elisabeth, Kandasamy, Selvaraj, Kawamura, Kenji, Kilbourne, K. Halimeda, Koç, Nalan, Leduc, Guillaume, Linderholm, Hans W., Lorrey, Andrew M., Mikhalenko, Vladimir, Mortyn, P. Graham, Motoyama, Hideaki, Moy, Andrew D., Mulvaney, Robert, Munz, Philipp M., Nash, David J., Oerter, Hans, Opel, Thomas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1315-8256, Orsi, Anais J., Ovchinnikov, Dmitriy V., Porter, Trevor J., Roop, Heidi A., Saenger, Casey, Sano, Masaki, Sauchyn, David, Saunders, Krystyna M., Seidenkrantz, Marit-Solveig, Severi, Mirko, Shao, Xuemei, Sicre, Marie-Alexandrine, Sigl, Michael, Sinclair, Kate, St. George, Scott, St. Jacques, Jeannine-Marie, Thamban, Meloth, Kuwar Thapa, Udya, Thomas, Elizabeth R., Turney, Chris, Uemura, Ryu, Viau, Andre E., Vladimirova, Diana O., Wahl, Eugene R., White, James W. C., Yu, Zicheng and Zinke, Jens ;
Contact
Thomas.Opel [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Reproducible climate reconstructions of the Common Era (1 CE to present) are key to placing industrial-era warming into the context of natural climatic variability. Here we present a community-sourced database of temperature-sensitive proxy records from the PAGES2k initiative. The database gathers 692 records from 648 locations, including all continental regions and major ocean basins. The records are from trees, ice, sediment, corals, speleothems, documentary evidence, and other archives. They range in length from 50 to 2000 years, with a median of 547 years, while temporal resolution ranges from biweekly to centennial. Nearly half of the proxy time series are significantly correlated with HadCRUT4.2 surface temperature over the period 1850–2014. Global temperature composites show a remarkable degree of coherence between high- and low-resolution archives, with broadly similar patterns across archive types, terrestrial versus marine locations, and screening criteria. The database is suited to investigations of global and regional temperature variability over the Common Era, and is shared in the Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) format, including serializations in Matlab, R and Python.



Item Type
Article
Authors
Emile-Geay, Julien, McKay, Nicholas P., Kaufman, Darrell S., von Gunten, Lucien, Wang, Jianghao, Anchukaitis, Kevin J., Abram, Nerilie J., Addison, Jason A., Curran, Mark A. J., Evans, Michael N., Henley, Benjamin J., Hao, Zhixin, Martrat, Belen, McGregor, Helen V., Neukom, Raphael, Pederson, Gregory T., Stenni, Barbara, Thirumalai, Kaustubh, Werner, Johannes P., Xu, Chenxi, Divine, Dmitry V., Dixon, Bronwyn C., Gergis, Joelle, Mundo, Ignacio A., Nakatsuka, Takeshi, Phipps, Steven J., Routson, Cody C., Steig, Eric J., Tierney, Jessica E., Tyler, Jonathan J., Allen, Kathryn J., Bertler, Nancy A. N., Björklund, Jesper, Chase, Brian M., Chen, Min-Te, Cook, Ed, de Jong, Rixt, DeLong, Kristine L., Dixon, Daniel A., Ekaykin, Alexey A., Ersek, Vasile, Filipsson, Helena L., Francus, Pierre, Freund, Mandy B., Frezzotti, Massimo, Gaire, Narayan P., Gajewski, Konrad, Ge, Quansheng, Goosse, Hugues, Gornostaeva, Anastasia, Grosjean, Martin, Horiuchi, Kazuho, Hormes, Anne, Husum, Katrine, Isaksson, Elisabeth, Kandasamy, Selvaraj, Kawamura, Kenji, Kilbourne, K. Halimeda, Koç, Nalan, Leduc, Guillaume, Linderholm, Hans W., Lorrey, Andrew M., Mikhalenko, Vladimir, Mortyn, P. Graham, Motoyama, Hideaki, Moy, Andrew D., Mulvaney, Robert, Munz, Philipp M., Nash, David J., Oerter, Hans, Opel, Thomas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1315-8256, Orsi, Anais J., Ovchinnikov, Dmitriy V., Porter, Trevor J., Roop, Heidi A., Saenger, Casey, Sano, Masaki, Sauchyn, David, Saunders, Krystyna M., Seidenkrantz, Marit-Solveig, Severi, Mirko, Shao, Xuemei, Sicre, Marie-Alexandrine, Sigl, Michael, Sinclair, Kate, St. George, Scott, St. Jacques, Jeannine-Marie, Thamban, Meloth, Kuwar Thapa, Udya, Thomas, Elizabeth R., Turney, Chris, Uemura, Ryu, Viau, Andre E., Vladimirova, Diana O., Wahl, Eugene R., White, James W. C., Yu, Zicheng and Zinke, Jens ;
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
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Peer revision
ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
45176
DOI 10.1038/sdata.2017.88

Cite as
Emile-Geay, J. , McKay, N. P. , Kaufman, D. S. , von Gunten, L. , Wang, J. , Anchukaitis, K. J. , Abram, N. J. , Addison, J. A. , Curran, M. A. J. , Evans, M. N. , Henley, B. J. , Hao, Z. , Martrat, B. , McGregor, H. V. , Neukom, R. , Pederson, G. T. , Stenni, B. , Thirumalai, K. , Werner, J. P. , Xu, C. , Divine, D. V. , Dixon, B. C. , Gergis, J. , Mundo, I. A. , Nakatsuka, T. , Phipps, S. J. , Routson, C. C. , Steig, E. J. , Tierney, J. E. , Tyler, J. J. , Allen, K. J. , Bertler, N. A. N. , Björklund, J. , Chase, B. M. , Chen, M. T. , Cook, E. , de Jong, R. , DeLong, K. L. , Dixon, D. A. , Ekaykin, A. A. , Ersek, V. , Filipsson, H. L. , Francus, P. , Freund, M. B. , Frezzotti, M. , Gaire, N. P. , Gajewski, K. , Ge, Q. , Goosse, H. , Gornostaeva, A. , Grosjean, M. , Horiuchi, K. , Hormes, A. , Husum, K. , Isaksson, E. , Kandasamy, S. , Kawamura, K. , Kilbourne, K. H. , Koç, N. , Leduc, G. , Linderholm, H. W. , Lorrey, A. M. , Mikhalenko, V. , Mortyn, P. G. , Motoyama, H. , Moy, A. D. , Mulvaney, R. , Munz, P. M. , Nash, D. J. , Oerter, H. , Opel, T. , Orsi, A. J. , Ovchinnikov, D. V. , Porter, T. J. , Roop, H. A. , Saenger, C. , Sano, M. , Sauchyn, D. , Saunders, K. M. , Seidenkrantz, M. S. , Severi, M. , Shao, X. , Sicre, M. A. , Sigl, M. , Sinclair, K. , St. George, S. , St. Jacques, J. M. , Thamban, M. , Kuwar Thapa, U. , Thomas, E. R. , Turney, C. , Uemura, R. , Viau, A. E. , Vladimirova, D. O. , Wahl, E. R. , White, J. W. C. , Yu, Z. and Zinke, J. (2017): A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era , Scientific Data, 4 (170088), pp. 1-33 . doi: 10.1038/sdata.2017.88


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