Protist Communities in Moored Long-Term Sediment Traps (Fram Strait, Arctic)–Preservation with Mercury Chloride Allows for PCR-Based Molecular Genetic Analyses


Contact
Katja.Metfies [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Here we present a pilot study demonstrating, that preservation with mercury chloride allows the application of PCR-based molecular methods for the characterization of marine protist communities collected with moored long-term sediment traps. They can provide information on pelagic protist communities by collecting sinking plankton from the upper water column all year-round, even in remote polar oceans. Assessment of small protist species from the nano- and picoplankton fractions in sedimented material by microscopy is extremely challenging or almost impossible. Hence, comprehensive studies of variability in protist community composition in moored long-term sediment traps are scarce. Considering that marine nano- and picoeukaryotes are ecologically very important, new approaches are urgently needed to investigate protists in the smallest size-fractions of moored long-term sediment trap samples. We applied the quick and cost-effective Terminal Restriction Length Polymorphism (T-RFLP) on a set of selected samples that were collected between 2000 and 2010 in September at a depth of ~300 m in the area of the “LTER (Long-Term Ecological Research) site HAUSGARTEN” in the eastern Fram Strait (Arctic). The results of these analyses suggest a change in the trapped protist community after 2002 in this area. A comparison of 18S sequences obtained via 454-pyrosequencing from samples collected in the water column and mercury chloride preserved sediment traps in 2009 and 2010 suggests, that sediment traps might reflect the pelagic eukaryotic microbial biodiversity qualitatively. Furthermore, we have indication that preservation with mercury chloride does not severely change the nucleotide composition of 18S rRNA genes in long-term sediment traps. Overall, we suggest that preservation with mercury chloride is a key to open the door for molecular genetic analyses of long-term sediment trap samples, and that PCR-based molecular methods have a strong potential to become an important tool for comprehensive taxonomic analyses of protist- and bacterial communities in moored long-term sediment traps.



Item Type
Article
Authors
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Peer revision
ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
45624
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2017.00301

Cite as
Metfies, K. , Bauerfeind, E. , Wolf, C. , Sprong, P. , Frickenhaus, S. , Kaleschke, L. , Nicolaus, A. and Nöthig, E. M. (2017): Protist Communities in Moored Long-Term Sediment Traps (Fram Strait, Arctic)–Preservation with Mercury Chloride Allows for PCR-Based Molecular Genetic Analyses , Frontiers in Marine Sciences . doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00301


Download
[img]
Preview
PDF
Metfiesetal2017.pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview
Cite this document as:

Share


Citation

Research Platforms

Campaigns


Actions
Edit Item Edit Item