Contribution of Atmospheric Advection to the Amplified Winter Warming in the Arctic North Atlantic Region


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Marion.Maturilli [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Arctic Amplification of climate warming is caused by various feedback processes in the atmosphere-ocean-ice system and yields the strongest temperature increase during winter in the Arctic North Atlantic region. In our study, we attempt to quantify the advective contribution to the observed atmospheric warming in the Svalbard area. Based on radiosonde measurements from Ny-Ålesund, a strong dependence of the tropospheric temperature on the synoptic flow direction is revealed. Using FLEXTRA backward trajectories, an increase of advection from the lower latitude Atlantic region towards Ny-Ålesund is found that is attributed to a change in atmospheric circulation patterns. We find that about one-quarter (0.45 K per decade) of the observed atmospheric winter near surface warming trend in the North Atlantic region of the Arctic (2 K per decade) is due to increased advection of warm and moist air from the lower latitude Atlantic region, affecting the entire troposphere.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
45916
DOI 10.1155/2017/4928620

Cite as
Dahlke, S. and Maturilli, M. (2017): Contribution of Atmospheric Advection to the Amplified Winter Warming in the Arctic North Atlantic Region , Advances in Meteorology, (492862) . doi: 10.1155/2017/4928620


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