Amphidoma parvula (Amphidomataceae), a new planktonic dinophyte from the Argentine Sea


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Urban.Tillmann [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Amphidoma is an old though poorly studied thecate dinophyte that has attracted attention recently as a potential producerof azaspiracids (AZA), a group of lipophilic phycotoxins. A new species, Amphidoma parvula, sp. nov. is described from theSouth Atlantic shelf of Argentina. With a Kofoidean thecal plate pattern Po, cp, X, 6′, 6′′, 6C, 5S, 6′′′, 2′′′′, the cultivatedstrain H-1E9 (from which the type material of Am. parvula, sp. nov. was prepared) shared the characteristic platearrangement of Amphidoma each with six apical, precingular and postcingular plates. Amphidoma parvula, sp. nov. differs from other species of Amphidoma by a characteristic combination of small size (10.7–13.6 μm in length), ovoid shape, high length ratio between epitheca and hypotheca, and small length ratio between apical and precingular plates. Other morphological details, such as the number and arrangement of sulcal plates and the fine structure of the apical pore complex support the close relationship between Amphidoma and the other known genus of Amphidomataceae, Azadinium. However, Am. parvula, sp. nov. lacks a ventral pore, a characteristically structured pore found in all contemporary electron microscopy studies of Amphidoma and Azadinium. As inferred from liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry, Am. parvula, sp. nov. did not produce AZA in measurable amounts. Molecular phylogenetics confirmed the systematic placement of Am. parvula, sp. nov. in Amphidoma (as sister species of Amphidoma languida) and the Amphidomataceae. The results of this study have improved the knowledge of Amphidomataceae biodiversity.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
46551
DOI 10.1080/09670262.2017.1346205

Cite as
Tillmann, U. , Gottschling, M. , Guinder, V. and Krock, B. (2018): Amphidoma parvula (Amphidomataceae), a new planktonic dinophyte from the Argentine Sea , European Journal of Phycology, 53 (1), pp. 14-28 . doi: 10.1080/09670262.2017.1346205


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