GEODYNAMIC EVOLUTION OF EAST ANTARCTICA REVEALED BY INTEGRATING GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS IN DRONNING MAUD LAND


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Wilfried.Jokat [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The Dronning Maud Land Mountains in East Antarctica form a key area for the better understanding of the geodynamic evolution of East Antarctica. Specifically, the integration of geophysics with geology and geochronology reveals the complex tectonic history of East Antarctica and its significance for Rodinia and Gondwana reconstructions. The international GEA-expeditions (2010-12) revealed three major tectonic provinces: a westernmost part with Kalahari (Africa) affinities and an easternmost part from about 35E with Indo-Antarctic affinities sandwiched in between these two blocks, is an extensive region with juvenile Neoproterozoic crust (ca. 990-900 Ma), the Tonian Oceanic Arc Super Terrane (TOAST) that shows very limited signs of a pre-Neoproterozoic history. We have tested the spatial extent of the TOAST by a regional moraine study that confirm the lack of older material inland, though latest Mesoproterozoic juvenile rocks frequently do occur in the glacial drift and probably record a slightly earlier precursor of the TOAST inland. The TOAST records 150 Ma of almost continuous tectono-metamorphic reworking at medium- to high-grade metamorphic conditions between ca. 650 to 500 Ma. This long-lasting overprinting history is thought to record protracted accretion of ocean island arc terranes and the final amalgamation of East Antarctica along the major East African-Antarctic Orogen. There is no sign of significant metamorphic overprint immediately after the formation of TOAST. Therefore, these island arcs may have formed independent of, or peripheral to Rodinia, and may reveal major accretionary tectonics outboard of Rodinia.



Item Type
Conference (Talk)
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Primary Division
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Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
27th International Polar Conference, 25 Mar 2018 - 29 Mar 2018, Rostock.
Eprint ID
46832
Cite as
Jacobs, J. , Laeufer, A. , Elburg, M. , Damaske, D. , Ruppel, A. , Eagles, G. , Opas, B. , Jokat, W. and Estrada, S. (2018): GEODYNAMIC EVOLUTION OF EAST ANTARCTICA REVEALED BY INTEGRATING GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS IN DRONNING MAUD LAND , 27th International Polar Conference, Rostock, 25 March 2018 - 29 March 2018 .


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