Validation of Sea-Ice Topographic Heights Derived From TanDEM-X Interferometric SAR Data With Results From Laser Profiler and Photogrammetry


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Wolfgang.Dierking [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

In this paper, the retrieval of sea-ice surface heights from the interferometric TanDEM-X data is investigated. The data were acquired over fast and drifting ice in Fram Strait located between Greenland and Svalbard. Additional measurements of the sea-ice surface topography were carried out using a stereo camera and a laser altimeter. The comparison of the surface elevation retrieved from TanDEM-X imagery with the results of the stereo camera measurements revealed that sea ice ridges greater than 0.5 m can be estimated with a root mean-square error of 0.3 m or less with the error decreasing as a function of ridge height. Although the helicopter-borne laser data are only available as 1-D profiles with a much higher across-track spatial resolution than the TanDEM-X data, they proved to be useful for the validation. The need for multilook averaging to reduce the phase noise is identified as the main challenge in achieving the spatial resolution necessary for retrieving sea-ice surface topography using synthetic aperture radar interferometry.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
47428
DOI 10.1109/TGRS.2018.2839590

Cite as
Yitayew, T. , Dierking, W. , Divine, D. V. , Eltoft, T. , Ferro-Famil, L. , Rösel, A. and Negrel, J. (2018): Validation of Sea-Ice Topographic Heights Derived From TanDEM-X Interferometric SAR Data With Results From Laser Profiler and Photogrammetry , IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 56 (11), pp. 6504-6520 . doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2018.2839590


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