Censusing Animal Populations from Space in the Southern Ocean


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Horst.Bornemann [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Quantifying the population trends of higher order predators provides an especially informative and tractable indicator of ecosystem health. Therefore, regular censuses are fundamental for the management of animal populations but are logistically challenging for species living in the Southern Ocean. High-resolution satellite images of Earth, which are increasingly available for civilian applications, can discern individual large animals and permit, for the first time, the possibility of estimating populations on regional to continental scales. Pack ice seals are an important component of the Southern Ocean ecosystem, yet are notoriously difficult to census as they are sparsely distributed over large regions, are highly mobile, and hence their haul out sites onto the ice are unpredictable. Accordingly, historically population estimates have been derived through a combination of counts and models to accommodate the detection rate of animals, both of which are constrained when surveys are limited in spatial and temporal coverage. We will use counts derived from satellite imagery to estimate abundance of pack ice seals and to, ultimately, quantify population trends in this important group. In the Southern Ocean, estimates of seal abundance are needed to set precautionary catch limits for the burgeoning fisheries and in view of the management of Marine Protected Areas in that region. This study will define a pathway for satellite imagery and remote sensing techniques to be used for inaccessible species of wildlife in other management frameworks worldwide.



Item Type
Conference (Talk)
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Primary Division
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Peer revision
Peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
Marine Ecosystem Assessment for the Southern Ocean, 09 Apr 2018 - 13 Apr 2018, Hobart, Australia.
Eprint ID
47653
Cite as
Hindell, M. A. , Fretwell, P. , Lynch, H. , La Rue, M. , McMahon, C. , Bornemann, H. and Wotherspoon, S. (2018): Censusing Animal Populations from Space in the Southern Ocean , Marine Ecosystem Assessment for the Southern Ocean, Hobart, Australia, 9 April 2018 - 13 April 2018 .


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