Occurrence and Variability of Marine Biotoxins in Mussel (Mytillus Galloprovincialis) and in Plankton Samples from Bulgarian Coast in Spring 2017


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Bernd.Krock [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Shellfish aquaculture has become an increasingly important factor in Bulgarian economy in the recent years. Marine biotoxins, produced by some phytoplankton species, may accumulate in mussels and present an important challenge in commercialization of shellfish. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and variability of hydrophilic toxins – paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) and amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) as well as lipophilic toxins – including diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP), pectenotoxins (PTXs) and yessotoxins (YTXs) in plankton, wild and farmed mussel samples from the Southern Black Sea coast, an important shellfish farming area in spring 2017. PSP toxins were determined by HPLC with postchromatographic oxidation and fluorescence detection and domoic acid and lipophilic toxins by liquid chromatograph coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. DA and pectenotoxin-2 were detected in plankton, wild and farmed mussel samples. Yessotoxins were detected only in cultivated mussels and no PSP toxins were detected. The occurrence of phycotoxins differed over both space and time. Toxin profile includes prevalent domoic acid, scarce presence of pectenotoxin-2 and yessotoxins in the samples.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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47792
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Peteva, Z. , Krock, B. , Georgieva, S. and Stancheva, M. (2018): Occurrence and Variability of Marine Biotoxins in Mussel (Mytillus Galloprovincialis) and in Plankton Samples from Bulgarian Coast in Spring 2017 , International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, 5 (4), pp. 1-11 .


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