Using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to determine mineral phases in sediments


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Gerhard.Kuhn [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

In paleoenvironmental studies, the mineralogical composition of sediments is an important indicator. In combination with other indicators, they contribute to the understanding of changes in sediment sourcing as well as in weathering and depositional processes. Fourier transforminfrared spectroscopy (FTIRS) spectra contain information on mineralogical composition because eachmineral has a unique absorption pattern in the mid-IR range. Although easily obtained, FTIR spectra are often too complex to infermineral concentrations directly. In this study, we use a calibration set of ca. 200 sediment samples conventionally measured using X-ray diffraction (XRD) in order to developmultivariate, partial least squares (PLS) regressionmodels relatingmineral contents to sediment spectra. Good correlations were obtained for the most common minerals (e.g. quartz, K-feldspar, illite, plagioclase, smectite, calcite). Correlation coefficients ranged from 0.85 to 0.92, coefficients for the validation varied from 0.64 to 0.80, the number of latent variables (PLS regression components) in the models ranged between 3 and 7 and the range of variation of the RMSEcv gradient was from 15.28 to 5.7.



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Article
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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
48091
DOI 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2018.03.010

Cite as
Hahn, A. , Vogel, H. , Andó, S. , Garzanti, E. , Kuhn, G. , Lantzsch, H. , Schüürman, J. , Vogt, C. and Zabel, M. , MARUM (2018): Using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to determine mineral phases in sediments , Sedimentary Geology, 375 , pp. 27-35 . doi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2018.03.010


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