Thaw subsidence of a yedoma landscape in northern Siberia, measured in situ and estimated from TerraSAR-X interferometry


Contact
sofia.antonova [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

In permafrost areas, seasonal freeze-thaw cycles of active layer result in upward and downward movements of the ground. Additionally, relatively uniform thawing of the ice-rich layer at the permafrost table, contributing to net long-term surface lowering, was reported for some Arctic locations. We use a simple method to quantify surface lowering (subsidence) and uplift in a yedoma area of the Lena River Delta, Siberian Arctic, using reference rods installed deeply in permafrost. The seasonal subsidence was 1.7 ±1.5 cm in the cold summer of 2013 and 4.8 ± 2 cm in the warm summer of 2014. Furthermore, we measured a pronounced multi-year net subsidence of 9.3 ± 5.7 cm from spring 2013 to the end of summer 2017. Additionally, we observed a high spatial variability of subsidence of up to 6 cm across a sub-meter horizontal scale. This variability limits the usage of a pointwise measurement for a validation of spatially extensive remote sensing products. In summer 2013, we accompanied our field measurements with Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (DInSAR) on repeat-pass TerraSAR-X (TSX) data over the same study area. Interferometry was strongly affected by a fast phase coherence loss, atmospheric artifacts, and possibly the choice of reference point. A cumulative ground displacement map, built from a continuous interferogram stack, did not reveal a meaningful signal on the upland but showed a distinct subsidence of up to 2 cm in most of the thermokarst basins. There, the spatial pattern of displacement corresponded well with relative surface wetness identified with the near infra-red band of a high-resolution optical image. Our study suggests that (i) although X-band SAR has serious limitations for ground movement monitoring in permafrost landscapes, it can provide valuable information for specific environments like thermokarst basins, and (ii) due to the high sub-pixel spatial variability of ground movements, a validation scheme needs to be developed and implemented for future DInSAR studies in permafrost environments.



Item Type
Conference (Poster)
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Primary Division
Programs
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Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
15th International Circumpolar Remote Sensing Symposium, 10 Sep 2018 - 14 Sep 2018, Potsdam, Germany.
Eprint ID
48095
DOI 10.2312/GFZ.LIS.2018.002

Cite as
Antonova, S. , Sudhaus, H. , Strozzi, T. , Zwieback, S. , Kääb, A. , Heim, B. , Langer, M. , Bornemann, N. and Boike, J. (2018): Thaw subsidence of a yedoma landscape in northern Siberia, measured in situ and estimated from TerraSAR-X interferometry , 15th International Circumpolar Remote Sensing Symposium, Potsdam, Germany, 10 September 2018 - 14 September 2018 . doi: 10.2312/GFZ.LIS.2018.002


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